Biogas in Poland

In Poland the energy industry is based on coal, gas and oil. Only about 10% of this total comprises energy derived from renewable energy sources. The most popular green energy sources in Poland are wind and water, with 775 water power plants, 765 wind power plants and 211 power plants deriving energy from biomass. Wind power plants generate nearly 58% of the total energy from renewable energy sources.
In Poland there are currently over 50 agricultural biogas facilities situated in the country. These facilities differ from one another by the substrates that are used as well as by the amount of power they are able to produce. The map below represents localization of biogas facilities in Poland.


 
Biogas facility location Power
1-  Nacław 0.625 MWe
2- Świelino 0.625 MWe
3- Grzmiąca 1.6 MWe
4- Koczała 2.126 MWe
5- Płaszczyca 0.625 MWe
6- Pawłówko 0.946 MW
7- Kujanki 0.3 MW
8- Uniechówek 1.063 MWe
9- Giżyno 1.06 MWe
10- Skrzatusz 0.53 MW
11- Mełno 1.6 MW
12- Boleszyn 1.2 MW
13- Liszkowo 2.126 MWe
14,15- Klępsk 1 MW/ 1MW
16- Niedoradz 0.252 MWe
17- Zbiersk-Cukrownia 1.6 MW
18- Konopnica 1.99 MW
19- Zaścianki 1.2 MWe
20- Koczergi 1.2 MWe
21- Uhnin 1.27 MW
22- Piaski 0.99 MW
23- Piekoszów 0.8 MW
24- Ostrzeszów 0.66 MW
25- Zalesie 2 MW
26- Gorzesław 2.126 MW
27- Bielany Wrocławskie 0.526 MW
28- Świdnica 0.9 MWe
29- Strzelin 2 MW
30- Łany Wielkie 525 kW
31- Studzionka 30 kW
32- Kostkowice 0.6 MW
33- Starorypin Prywatny 1,8 MW
34- Leguty, Gietrzwałd 1,2 MW
35- Orchówek 1,0 MW
36- Darżyno 2,4 MW
37- Opoczno 0,5 MW
38- Byszewo 0,9 MW
39- Przemysław 1,6 MW
40- Lębork 1,2 MW
41- Zygmuntowo 1,6 MW
42- Borzęciczki 1,2 MW
43- Tragamin 0,8 MW
44- Ryboły 1,0 MW
45- Kalsk 1,1 MW
46- Łagiewniki 0,8 MW
47- Działyń 1,0 MW
48- Upałty Małe 1,0 MW
49- Kisielice 1,0 MW
50- Bolesławiec 0,6 MW
51- Żerniki Wielkie 1,2 MW
52- Zajdy 1,0 MW
53- Jaromierz 1,0 MW
54- Buczek 1,8 MW
55- Psary 1,9 MW
56- Grochów Szlachecki 0,7 MW
57- Stare Miasto 1,0 MW
58- Murowana Goślina 0,5 MW
 

 
In comparison with other EU countries, the production of biogas in Poland is rather low. The amount of biogas that is produced in Poland equals 251 mln m3/year, whereas in Germany this value is the highest, 10618 mln m3, and in France it is 731 mln m3. However according to the previous years, production of biogas in Poland develops rapidly. The volume of produced biogas in previous years is presented below:
Year Amount of produced biogas [mln m3]
2011 36,64
2012 73,14
2013 112,38
2014 251
 
This situation in Poland is caused by its political system (very low financial support) and by society’s fears regarding new and innovative solutions. Moreover, green energy facilities are rather expensive, thus many people are convinced that green energy is not economical. 
Today the organic fraction generates about 40-50% of the total wastes. It is said that until 2020 this contribution should be reduced to 35% with respect to 1995, when the organic fraction reached 95000t/year. This means that in 2020 this value will be reduced to 31000t/year; for example, through anaerobic digestion of the separated organic fraction. Another positive effect will also be the generation of valuable gas and digestate.
 
Katarzyna Pontus
InnoBaltica Sp. Z o.o.